by Nikolaus Fleischhacker 1,*,Niusha Shakibi Nia 1,*,Markus Coll 2,Ewald Perwög 3,Helmut Schreiner 4,Andreas Burger 5,Emmanuel Stamatakis 1,6ORCID andErnst Fleischhacker 2
1..FEN Research GmbH (FEN Research), Green Energy Center Europe, Technikerstraße 1-3, 6020 Innsbruck, Austria
2. FEN Sustain Systems GmbH (FEN Systems), Green Energy Center Europe, Technikerstraße 1-3, 6020 Innsbruck, Austria
3. MPREIS Warenvertriebs GmbH (MPREIS), 9900 Lienz, Austria
4. Zillertaler Verkehrsbetriebe AG, Austraße 1, 6200 Jenbach, Austria
5. TIWAG-Next Energy Solutions GmbH, Eduard-Wallnöfer-Platz 2, 6020 Innsbruck, Austria
6. Institute of Geoenergy/Foundation for Research and Technology—Hellas (IG/FORTH), 73100 Chania, Greece
*Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
The regional parliament of Tyrol in Austria adopted the climate, energy, and resources strategy “Tyrol 2050 energy autonomous” in 2014 with the aim to become climate neutral and energy autonomous. “Use of own resources before others do, or have to do” is the main principle within this long-term strategic approach, in which the “power on demand” process is a main building block and the “power-to-hydrogen” process covers the intrinsic lack of a long-term, large-scale storage of electricity. Within this long-term strategy, the national research and development (R&D) flagship project WIVA P&G HyWest (ongoing since 2018) aims at the establishment of the first sustainable, business-case-driven, regional, green hydrogen economy in central Europe. This project is mainly based on the logistic principle and is a result of synergies between three ongoing complementary implementation projects. Among these three projects, to date, the industrial research within “MPREIS Hydrogen” resulted in the first green hydrogen economy. One hydrogen truck is operational as of January 2023 in the region of Tyrol for food distribution and related monitoring studies have been initiated. To fulfil the logistic principle as the main outcome, another two complementary projects are currently being further implemented.